-Electrical Installation Condition Report

What is an Electrical Installation Condition Report?

An Electrical Installation Condition Report (EICR) is a detailed inspection and assessment of the electrical installations within a property. It is conducted by a qualified electrician or electrical engineer to ensure that the electrical system is safe, compliant with regulations, and functioning correctly. The purpose of an EICR is to identify any potential hazards or defects that could pose a risk to the occupants or the property.

Why is an Electrical Installation Condition Report important?

Regularly conducting an EICR is essential for maintaining the safety and reliability of electrical installations. Here are a few reasons why an EICR is important:

1. Safety:

The safety of the occupants is the primary concern when it comes to electrical installations. An EICR helps identify any potential electrical hazards, such as faulty wiring, overloaded circuits, or outdated equipment. By addressing these issues, the risk of electrical accidents, such as electric shocks or fires, can be significantly reduced.

2. Compliance:

An EICR ensures that the electrical installations comply with the relevant regulations and standards. This is particularly important for landlords, as they have a legal obligation to provide a safe living environment for their tenants. By obtaining an EICR, landlords can demonstrate compliance with the necessary regulations and fulfill their duty of care.

3. Preventive Maintenance:

An EICR helps identify any potential issues or defects before they escalate into major problems. By addressing these issues at an early stage, costly repairs or replacements can be avoided. Regular EICRs can also help extend the lifespan of electrical installations and reduce the risk of unexpected breakdowns.

What does an Electrical Installation Condition Report include?

An EICR involves a thorough inspection and testing of various components of the electrical system. The report typically includes the following:

1. Visual Inspection:

The electrician will visually inspect the electrical installations, including the wiring, switches, sockets, and distribution boards. They will look for any signs of damage, wear and tear, or non-compliance with regulations. They will also check for any potential fire hazards or safety risks.

2. Testing:

The electrician will conduct various tests to assess the condition and performance of the electrical system. This may include testing the insulation resistance, earth continuity, polarity, and operation of protective devices such as RCDs (Residual Current Devices).

3. Observations and Recommendations:

Based on the inspection and testing, the electrician will note down any observations or defects found in the electrical system. They will provide recommendations for necessary repairs, replacements, or improvements to ensure compliance and safety.

4. Classification Codes:

The EICR report will include classification codes to indicate the severity of any observed defects. These codes range from C1 (danger present, immediate remedial action required) to C3 (improvement recommended).

How often should an Electrical Installation Condition Report be conducted?

The frequency of EICRs depends on the type of property and its usage. Here are some general guidelines:

1. Domestic Properties:

In domestic properties, an EICR is recommended to be conducted at least once every 10 years. However, for rented properties, an EICR should be carried out every 5 years or at the change of tenancy, whichever comes first. Regular inspections are crucial to ensure the safety of tenants.

2. Commercial Properties:

Commercial properties typically have higher electrical demands and usage. Therefore, an EICR should be conducted more frequently. The recommended interval is usually every 3 to 5 years, depending on the type of business and the electrical system’s complexity.

3. Industrial Properties:

Industrial properties, such as factories or manufacturing plants, often have complex electrical installations. Due to the high-risk nature of these environments, an EICR should be conducted more frequently, usually every 1 to 3 years.


An Electrical Installation Condition Report is a vital tool for ensuring the safety, compliance, and reliability of electrical installations. By conducting regular EICRs, property owners can identify and address any potential hazards or defects, preventing accidents and costly repairs. Whether you own a residential, commercial, or industrial property, investing in an EICR is a responsible and necessary step towards maintaining a safe electrical system.